Health status and Health problems of India

INDIA / New Delhi / 5 March 2011 Portable toilets are provided by the Municipal Corporation of Delhi for the community at a slum colony in the GP Block of the Pitampura locality of New Delhi.Health status and Health problems of India:

An assessment of the health status and health problems is the first requisite for any planned effort to develop health care services. This is also known as community diagnosis. Healthcare in India features a universal health care system run by the constituent states and territories of India. The Constitution charges every state with “raising of the level of nutrition and the standard of living of its people and the improvement of public health as among its primary duties” The data required for analysing the health situation and for defining the health problems comprise as of following.

  • Morbidity and mortality statistics
  • Demographic conditions of the population
  • Environmental conditions which have a bearing on health
  • Socio-economic factors which have a direct effect on health
  • Cultural background, attitudes, beliefs and practices which affect health
  • Medical and health services available

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The Objective of IEC in the Water and Sanitation Sector

nThe use of contaminated water and open defecation are the major causes of malnutrition, child death and communicable diseases in India. According to a study by UNICEF in the year 2008, only, 21% of rural households in the country have improved sanitation facilities, whereas, 31% of the rural households didn’t have toilets. In recent years, there has been an increase in the coverage of toilets, but their usage and sustainability remains at the nethermost. However, years of effort by the government, NGOs, and partner organizations have helped improve the conditions related to sanitation, safe water and hygiene. The government has also initiated reforms in the rural water supply and sanitation sector to strengthen community based approaches for greater sustainability.

The state governments are trying hard to promote sanitation through various methodologies and we can take the example of West Bengal that has achieved near 100% sanitation in certain areas of the state.
The “Sant Baba Gadge Scheme – leveraging the traditional social equity of the social reformer” is an incentive driven strategy adopted by the government of Maharastra to distribute sanitation based messages.

Programmes related to rural sanitation:

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